A number of Humanitarian groups and affiliated NGOs are beginning to rely on Blockchain to help, empower and aid refugees. The Estimates from the United Nations put the number of displaced persons across the world at more than 68 million, and more than 25 million in this figure are classified as refugees.
A number of Humanitarian organisations have long made it clear to help and aid those fleeing violence, war, or any persecution. However many agencies find it difficult to identify displaced persons because they often cross borders with little or no identification at all, which can basically shut them out of receiving basic amenities.
More aid agencies across the world have been testing and looking into blockchain technology to help confirm the identities of refugees streamline the process of giving aid to those who need it the most.
BUILDING A NEW FUTURE:
Many aid agencies are looking into blockchain technology for the digital identity solution which can reduce the identity fraud, and ensure that while crossing borders, the refugees will still be able to apply for the basic services that are needed by them which includes work permit and asylum application processed.
The UN World Food Program (WEP) is now testing blockchain via building block program. The trials originally started last year with just 100 people in Pakistan. Officials at the agencies are now testing it with 100,000 people in Jordan to help track food supplies.
The WEP has been experimenting blockchain to estimate the amount of food refugees in Jordan are collecting are how much food are being kept by the vendors.
Estimated savings of WEP on building Blockchain Blocks or records is $150,000 per month in Jordan. Since they are not paying banking fees. Overall, some think that the program can be expanded to keep the data of vaccination records or addresses.
The DIGITAL IDENTITY:
The best application of blockchain in the humanitarian organisations are the creation of solution that can solve the issues of people displaced who might not have a country to return to, its all because of the distributed nature of blockchain which seems to be a good fit.
People who enter the United Nations Refugee camps are given the identity documentations which are not able to be extended once the people leave the camps.
Speculation in Blockchain can serve as an immutable records for such types of identities so that people could carry them over to the new areas or country if they decide to leave the refugee camps.
Over the past couple of years, the Finnish Immigrant Service has been giving asylum seekers prepaid mastercards if they do not have a bank account. The cards developed by MONI, are also connected to digital identity stored on Blockchain.
Thanks to Blockchain that the asylum seekers have authentic identity and accounts where they can get direct deposits and pay bills. Finnish authorities are now able to review then ensuing transaction databases to track how and where cardholders are spending money.
This type of system helps cut down on illicit uses of aid money — which can be a big sticking point for those who might otherwise be interested in financially assisting migrants.
WFP head of emerging technology Houman Haddad told the Financial Times that countries who give donations support identification systems that are predicated on cutting-edge technology. This also drastically reduces cases of fraud.
Do you think blockchain has a future in Humanitarian organisations ? Let us know in the comment section below.
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